Montreal has earned the dubious honour of the Canadian city with the worst rush-hour traffic jams, according to a study that looked at the amount of time drivers around the world spent stuck in traffic in 2016.

The statistics come from Inrix, a U.S.-based company that analyzes urban transit patterns to determine which cities present the most challenges for car commuters around the world.

In 2016, Montreal had Canada’s worst traffic congestion, with drivers spending an average of 52 hours in traffic jams. That was enough to catapult Quebec’s largest city to 27th overall worldwide, up from 60th place in 2015. Canada’s biggest metropolis, Toronto, had the country’s next-worst traffic, with the average car commuter spending 45.6 hours in bumper-to-bumper congestion for a 53rd-place overall ranking, up from 84th the year before.

But as bad as those numbers sound, drivers in LA, Moscow, and New York City had it worse, having spent 104.1, 91.4, and 89.4 hours in traffic, respectively.

Rounding out Canada’s top five were St. John’s, Newfoundland; Ottawa; and Vancouver, with averages of 31.8, 31.5, and 30.4 hours, respectively.

Meanwhile, the Canadian cities with the smoothest-flowing traffic were St. Catharines, Ontario; and Red Deer and Lethbridge, both in Alberta, where drivers spent just 5.1, 7.1, and 7.5 hours stuck in congestion.

Traffic consultant Rick Leckner told CTV News that Montreal’s poor performance was the result of bad planning that had three major roadwork projects, plus regular maintenance work, happening all at once. He said that work will conspire to continue snarling traffic for the next three or four years.

Inrix named the United States the most-congested country in the world, and said all that traffic cost the average American driver $1,400 in 2016.

(Via CTV News)