While winter use is increasing gradually across the country, a large percent of Canadians still don’t fit their vehicles with winter tires when the temperature drops, according to a new recent survey commissioned by the Tire and Rubber Association of Canada.

Roughly 40 percent of Canadian drivers do not equip their cars with winter tires, the survey found, outside of Quebec where winter tire installation is mandatory according to provincial law.

After Quebec’s 100-percent use rate were drivers in Atlantic Canada, 83 percent of whom use winter tires, making them among the most likely to do so. Ontario and B.C. drivers were next, at 59 and 60 percent, respectively, followed by Albertan vehicle owners, 57 percent of whom fit their vehicles with winter rubber.

Manitoba and Saskatchewan drivers were least likely to be riding on winters; less than half (48 percent) do, in fact.

Of drivers that did not use winter tires, the top excuses for not doing so were mostly that they believed all-seasons were “good enough”—some 51 percent of respondents thought this. The other two top excuses were the cost of the tires and the fact they didn’t drive as much in the winter, at 22 and 21 percent, respectively.

The survey of 1,633 Canadians was conducted online by Leger.

The softer compound used in the construction of winter tires has shown to increase traction as soon as temperatures drop below +7 degrees C. The safety benefits of winter tires were made clear, says TRAC, when Quebec made winter tire use mandatory: the province saw a significant decrease in vehicular injury accidents in the wake of that law’s establishment.

(Tire and Rubber Association of Canada [TRAC])